Albert Mathiez was born to an innkeeper’s family at La Bruyère in eastern France on Jan. 10, He graduated from the École Normale in After teaching. Albert Mathiez, an Historian at War. James Friguglietti. The present great war will not only change the face of the world in which we live. It will also transform our. Albert Mathiez, his pupil in method, and for the last twenty years the antagonist of his point of view, was struck down by apoplexy in the middle of a lecture on

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They are animated by the same spirit. The historiography of the French Revolution has remained at that point: An arrival point and a departure point: For Mathiez, the French Revolution began as a struggle between the bourgeoisie and the aristocracy, but evolved into a conflict that pitted the middle class against the working class. Was the peasant revolution the expression of one of the possible variants of the bourgeois revolution? Long before me the bourgeois historians had described the historical development of the class struggle.

Likewise the need for a repressive apparatus, the administrative machinery of government, never fully fades. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Georges Lefebvre recognized no master other than him.

Historian: Albert Mathiez

A work of science, it teaches us the demands of erudition, the imperatives of method, the need for critical reflection. The best of his spirit lives in me, even when I contradict him.

Following Albert Mathiez, let us nevertheless stress two points. Both conclusions flow from mathlez assertion that a relationship between church and state will always be necessary, since both must still be around in order for them to relate.

Albert Mathiez

They shared all his anti-Robespierrist prejudices. Mathiez greatly influenced Georges Lefebvre and Albert Soboul in forming what came to be known as the “orthodox” Marxist interpretation of the Revolution. Facts like these could not but have an effect on Revolutionary historiography.


From the beginning, this interpretation alone, through its scholarly demands and critical reflection, established itself as truly scientific: Arrival point, departure point: Erudite investigation and critical reflection can then arrive at putting the work in question.

Over and above such heady speculations, then, the historical analogy he offers in his article marhiez be scrutinized to see if it is apt. From the period of the Revolution, however, Barnave had pushed the social analysis further. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, for example, scolded their Hegelian colleague, Georg Daumer, for promoting a new pantheistic creed.

At the turn of the century some were not far from considering the economic policies of the Committee of Public Safety as a preliminary outline of collectivism.

Mathiez’s dispute with Aulard, his brusque manner toward those who were not his friends, his criticism of the government during World War Iand his defense of bolshevism left him few supporters in the Parisian academic world.

Retrieved from ” https: Several things are already implied by this statement. The French historian Albert Mahiez was one of the major 20th-century historians of the French Revolution.

In these articles and books Mathiez demonstrated his mastery of critical history, illuminating with his forceful imagination the new evidence he had found in the archives.

Without a doubt his merit was that of having finally realized that the French Revolution can only be explained by its economic and social roots. Mathiez argued that these cults were profoundly related to the Revolutionaries’ views of the role of religion in society.

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Thus the social interpretation of the French Revolution was gradually perfected through a long development, secular to say the least. A lesson in civismeit teaches us patriotism in the literal sense of the term, as a virtue according to Rousseau and Robespierre. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. No mqthiez history of the Revolution has so closely approached reality. He saw the terror as a necessary response to the circumstances, and characterized Robespierre as the patron of popular democracy, and regretted Robespierre’s overthrow.


To be convinced of this it suffices to refer to the labors of Philippe Sagnac, who cannot be suspected of mahhiez towards historical materialism matthiez socialism: Thus new meanings, up to then masked by the very complexity of the phenomenon, have been brought to light.

His political position was hardened by the tragedy of World War I, which he condemned as an imperialistic and reactionary war, not unlike the Revolutionary Wars of the s. How could anyone accuse of treason and baseness the man who, before dying, leaves such a secret to posterity? Mathiez was combative, short-tempered and unabashedly Marxist.

Aulard counted himself among the ranks of the republican bourgeoisie. It is significant that it was in Kiev, in that Ukraine where the peasant had just been freed from serfdom, but without gaining property, that Loutchisky became that first to be attracted to the study of the agrarian question during the French Revolution; inhe published Small Property in France before the Revolution and the Sale of National Lands. For more information please refer to our Terms of Use. It is significant that it was during the First World War that Mathiez understood the economic necessities for conducting a great national war and the requirement of a controlled economy; he then wrote the studies that formed, inThe High Cost of Living and the Social Movement during the Terror.