Iqbal tried to invoke in the Muslims a collective ego, beyond the ego of the self, that could enable a collection of men as large as 70 million to. Allahabad Address []. Muslim leaders at Allahabad, ` Allama Iqbal defined the Muslims of India as a nation and suggested that there could be no. Allama Iqbal Address on at Allahabad. Importance In his Presidential Address, Allama labal said: ”I would like to see the Punjab.

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Nor is the Minorities Sub-Committee likely to reach a satisfactory settlement. Its essence lies in Haqooq-El-Ebaad where Muslims are required to respect the rights of all irrespective of religion or race. Most of us remember the Iqval Address with the following famous statement by the Allama:. Such a state of things, however, does not exist.

If an effective principle of cooperation is discovered in India, it will bring peace and mutual goodwill to this ancient land which has suffered so long, more because of her situation in historic space than because of any inherent incapacity of her people.

It was a kind of surprise to the people of India, particularly allahabzd minorities, to see the Indian Princes dramatically expressing their willingness at the Round Table Conference to join an all-India federation and, as a result of their declaration, Hindu delegates — uncompromising advocates of a unitary form of government — quietly agreeing to the evolution of a federal scheme.


He declared that the northwestern part of the country was destined to unite as a self-governed unit, within the British Empire or without it.

At this critical juncture, Iqbal realized that the peculiar problems of the Muslims in North-West India could only be understood by people belonging to this region and that in order to survive they would have to addrss out their own line of action.

But assuming there are any such difficulties, I see no reason why the Government of India should not give temporary financial help to a promising province in her struggle for independent progress. He claimed that the only way for the Muslims and Hindus to prosper in accordance with their respective cultural values was under a federal system where Muslim majority units were given the same privileges that were to allahzbad given to the Hindu majority units.

Proper redistribution will make the question of joint and separate electorates automatically disappear from the constitutional controversy of India.

Allahabad Address ()

In Europe Christianity was understood to be a purely monastic order which gradually developed into a vast church organisation. That is why at rather a late stage it was announced that the participation of the Indian Princes in the Round Table Conference was essential.

The resolution of the All-Parties Muslim Conference at Delhi is, to my mind, wholly inspired by this noble ideal of a harmonious whole which, instead of stifling the respective individualities of its component wholes, affords them chances of fully working out the possibilities that may be latent in them. In this background, Iqbal was a thinker who could look beyond the canvas of time, and remind the Muslim how they become a nation, and how being a distinct Muslim nation, it is their prerogative to have a political identity in addition to the social and cultural one.


In case it does arise, leading Muslims of all shades of opinion will have to meet together, not to pass resolutions, but finally to determine the Muslim attitude and to show the path to tangible achievement.

Islam and Nationalism In his address, Allama Iqbal explained that Islam was the major formative factor in the life history of Indian Muslims.

On the one hand, it serves as an all-important factor in maintaining the British power in India practically as it is; on the other hand, it gives [an] overwhelming majority to the Hindus in an All-India Federal Assembly.

The idea need not alarm the Hindus or the British. However, he would not elucidate or specify if his ideal Islamic state would construe a theocracyeven as he rejected secularism and nationalism. For India, it means security and peace resulting from an internal balance of power; for Islam, an opportunity to rid itself of the stamp that Arabian Imperialism was forced to give it, to mobilize its law, its education, its culture, and to bring them into closer contact with its own original spirit and with the spirit of modern times.

Matter is diversity; spirit is light, life and unity. Iqbal tried to invoke in the Muslims a collective ego, beyond the ego of the self, that could enable a collection of men as large as 70 million to act as one, single body, with a flux too big to be resisted and with a personality too strong to be altered. I do not know what will be the final fate of the national iqval in the world addrdss Islam. This uqbal true in so far as the area is concerned; in point of population, the State contemplated by the proposal would be much less than some of the present Indian provinces.

And since 70 millions of Muslims in a single country constitute a far more valuable asset to Islam than all the countries of Muslim Asia put together, we must look at the Indian problem not only from the Muslim point of view, but also from the standpoint of the Indian Muslim as such.

AmbedkarIqbal expressed his desire to see Indian provinces as autonomous units under the direct control of the British government and with no central Allshabad government. The question of Muslim representation in the proposed all-India federation has not yet been discussed. The rejection of the one will eventually involve the rejection of the other.

Allahabad Address

To Islam, matter is spirit realising itself in space and time. Iqbal made it clear that the Secular ideal was an inevitable conclusion of Christianity in Europe, as the Church functioned purely on an other-worldly basis; the Church had remained separate from the affairs of governance, and the other-worldly, divine intrusion of the Church into the affairs of the people could not go on forever.


Jinnah was more progressive than what pakistan is today. July 21, HistoryPak.

Allahabad Address 1930

The Muslims of India are differently situated. History of Pakistan timeline: Yet the Prime Minister of England apparently refuses to allxhabad that the adddress of India is international and not national. Professor Wensinck of Leiden Holland wrote to me the other day: It was a feasible solution to end the communal riots in India.

Such a neutral military force for the defence of India was a reality in the days of Mughal rule. In his address, Allama Iqbal explained that Islam sllahabad the major formative factor in the life history of Indian Muslims. Punjab with 56 percent Muslim population supplies 54 percent of the total combatant troops to the Indian Army, and if the 19, Gurkhas recruited from the independent State of Nepal are excluded, the Punjab contingent amounts to 62 percent of the whole Indian Army.

This percentage does not ot into account nearly 6, combatants supplied to the Indian Army by the North-West Frontier Province and Baluchistan. The Nehru Report, realising [a] Hindu majority in the Central Assembly, reaches a unitary form of government because such an institution secures Hindu dominance throughout Allshabad the Simon Report retains the present British dominance behind the thin aolama of an unreal federation, partly because the British are naturally unwilling to part with the power they have so long wielded and partly because it is possible for them, in the absence of an inter-communal understanding in India, to make out a plausible case for the retention of that power in their own hands.

Hmxa Mirxa January 4, at 8: The universal ethics of Jesus is displaced by national systems of ethics and polity.

Allahabad Address | Muslim-Hindu situation proposed the separation of Muslim India.

However, his focus was on primarily Muslims of this region when he dealt with the political or the constitutional issues of India. He was also critical of the Simon Report that it did great “injustice to Muslims” to not be given a statutory majority for Allahaabad and Bengal.

Her best thinkers are realising this initial mistake today, but her statesmen are indirectly forcing the world to accept it as an unquestionable dogma.

In qibal section, Iqbal addressed the idea the Islam and nationalism. India is a continent of human groups belonging to different races, speaking different languages, and professing different religions.