An Antifuse programming technology is predominantly associated with _____. Antifuse technology is nonvolatile, so it is live at power-up and programming services, either from Actel or from other vendors, are also used. recommended programming practices for antifuse devices. For SoC Antifuse technology is nonvolatile, so it is live at power-up and inherently very secure.

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Antifuse – Wikipedia

The antifuse is usually triggered using an approximately 5 mA current. This rapidly causes the antifuse to short out the blown bulb, allowing the series circuit to resume functioning, albeit with a larger proportion of the mains voltage now applied to each of the remaining lamps. The larger, traditional, C7 and C9 style lights are wired in parallel and are rated to operate directly at mains voltage. This programming, performed after manufacturing, is permanent and irreversible. May Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Often a special bulb with no antifuse and often a slightly different rating so it blows first as the voltage gets too high known as a “fuse bulb” is incorporated into the string of lights to protect against the possibility of severe overcurrent if too many bulbs fail. Antifuses are best known for their use in mini-light or miniature style low-voltage Christmas tree lights. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Zener zap is frequently employed in mixed-signal circuits for trimming values of analog components. This article needs additional citations for verification. The resulting resistance of the junction is in the range of 10 ohms. By this approach, it is possible only to lower the value of the resulting resistor. Ordinarily for operation from mains voltagesthe lamps are wired in series.

With a poly-diffusion antifuse, the high current density creates heatwhich melts a thin insulating layer between polysilicon and diffusion electrodes, creating a permanent resistive silicon link. The insulation of the antifuse wire withstands the ordinary low voltage imposed across a functioning lamp but rapidly breaks down under the full mains voltage, giving the antifuse action.


Whereas a fuse starts with a low resistance and is designed to permanently break an electrically conductive path typically when the current through the path exceeds a specified limitan antifuse starts with a high resistance and is designed to permanently create an electrically conductive path typically when the voltage across the antifuse exceeds a certain level.

An antifuse is an electrical device that performs the opposite function to a fuse.

gechnology In this way, the failed lamp was bypassed and illumination restored to the rest of the street. This page was last edited on 7 Julyat The terminals of the antifuses are usually accessible as bonding pads and the trimming process is performed before wire-bonding and encapsulating the chip.

It is therefore necessary to shift the manufacturing tolerances so that the lowest-value typically made is equal to or larger than the desired value. Antifuses are widely used to permanently program integrated circuits ICs. Their disadvantage, however, is lower area efficiency compared to other types. This technology has many applications. Zener diodes can be used as antifuses. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Dielectric antifuses employ a very thin oxide barrier between a pair of conductors. Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references. The parallel resistors cannot have too low value as that would sink the zapping current; a series-parallel combination of resistors and antifuses is employed in such cases. In the same fashion as with the Christmas lights described above, if the lamp failed, the entire voltage of the street lighting circuit thousands of volts was imposed across the insulating film in the cutout, causing it to rupture.

For example a precision resistor can be manufactured by forming several series resistors with Zeners in parallel oriented to be nonconductive during normal operation of the device and then shorting selected Zeners to shunt the unwanted resistors. Also circuits built via the antifuse’s permanent conductive paths may be faster than similar circuits implemented in PLDs using SRAM technology.


Each bit contains both a fuse and an antifuse and is programmed by triggering one of the two. Formation of the conductive channel is performed by a dielectric breakdown forced by a high voltage pulse. When the bulb blows, the entire mains voltage is applied across the single blown lamp. Antifuses may be used in programmable read-only memory PROM. A standard Antifuss transistor structure is often used in common bipolar processes as the antifuse.

FPGAs in computer

Views Read Edit View history. Occasionally, the insulation fails to break down on its own, but tapping the blown lamp will usually finish the job. When a sufficiently high antifusr is applied across the amorphous silicon it is turned into a polycrystalline silicon-metal alloy with a low resistancewhich is conductive.

One approach for the ICs that use antifuse technology employs a thin barrier of non-conducting amorphous silicon between two metal conductors. QuickLogic Corporation refers to their antifuses as “ViaLinks” because blown fuses create a connection between two crossing layers of wiring on the chip in the same way that a via on a printed circuit board creates a connection between copper layers. Because the series string would be rendered inoperable by a single lamp failing, each bulb has an antifuse installed within it.

The conductive shunt therefore prograamming not compromise integrity and reliability of the semiconductor progranming.

As the number of bonding pads is limited for a given size of the chip, various multiplexing strategies are used for larger number of antifuses. A specialized structure optimized for the purpose can be employed where the antifuse is an integral part of the design.