AS/NZS Specifies the construction, dimension and test requirements for single-core and multi-core polymeric insulated and non-metallic sheathed. AS/NZS (R). Electric cables – Polymeric insulated – For working voltages up to and including / V. standard by. AS/NZS Category: Cord and Cables. Description: Electric cables – Polymeric insulated – For working voltages up to and including / V.
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The improved electrical properties of XLPE is a result of the chemical makeup of the material, being almost exclusively polyethylene. The following briefly describes each of the above tests, their purpose and how they relate to the mechanical performance of the cable in terms of installation and long term operation of the cable.
Ax only needs to meet the specified resistance value. Modern manufacturing techniques have seen the introduction of automated electronic measurement systems to replace manual methods that provide a significant improvement in repeat accuracy.
Smaller diameter conductors, such as compacted, or the larger diameter non-compacted conductors, do not matter. They may soften, but will not flow.
The insulation thickness on large conductor sizes is greatest due to the greater risk of mechanical damage during handling of large and heavy cables. And neither is the diameter of a conductor important as far as compliance is concerned. PE has significantly greater dielectric strength compared to PVC, which is a blend of a number of ingredients of which Poly Vinyl Chloride is one.
Type of Business Contractor emp. The peak Australian electrical industry body, the National Electrical and Communications Association NECA and the world’s leading electrical industry information portal Voltimum have joined forces in an effort to raise awareness and educate users of the dangers of using product that is not compliant to Australian Standards.
Voltage tests performed on cables are done at higher than normal operating levels. Take the online training and add your voice to this campaign!.
See examples in Figure 1 for various types of extrusions. Keep up to date with latest from this campaign through our Facebook page! The manner in which compliance of these materials is confirmed is complex and will be covered in some detail under the discussion later on insulating materials. Cross-Linked materials are more thermally stable compared to Thermoplastic materials and will not flow when subjected to high operating temperatures.
The following sections refer to a range of tests that are conducted on cables to ensure compliance. In the case of insulation thickness, this varies with material type and conductor size.
This is a legally mandated document, and therefore the risk of non-compliance is not only unsafe it is also illegal. When looking at the impact of non-compliant resistance on the current rating of a cable, its impact is relatively small, as its current rating is proportional to the inverse of the square root of resistance.
A 35mm2 copper conductor, for example, does not need to have 35mm2 of copper in it. Only the electrical resistance is mandatory.
There has been much publicity recently about the recall of non-compliant building cables, but what does compliance actually mean as far as a cable is concerned and how does it actually relate to performance? Ability to Carry Rated Current The ability of an electrical cable to carry its design electric current is largely dependent on the electrical resistance of the conductor. Some of the common cable insulating materials are listed below:.
This document defines the principles upon which electrical installations must be designed and installed in order to protect people, livestock and property from the risk of electrical shock, fire and physical injury hazards.
This is a common testing principle where the test object is subjected to a higher stress than it would normally be expected to operate at, with the intention to flush out extrusion defects or weaknesses in the insulation materials.
To confirm that a cable can hold its rated voltage the cable is subjected to the following checks and test:. Type tests need not be repeated unless changes are made in the cable materials or design or manufacturing process. The measurement method described above has traditionally been carried out by manual methods and is therefore subject to human error. The thickness of insulation and sheath of cables is done by taking six measurements at the location where the material is thinnest using optical magnification equipment of at least 10X to allow a reading of 0.
Due to the level of detail required to address this topic it will be presented in two parts.
Does it Comply?
Join the fight against non-compliant products! In the first part of this article I will address the first dot point only. The insulation thickness for LV cables is not primarily based on electrical requirements, but more on mechanical considerations.
This is a very important and often misunderstood issue. Their differences nxs in their cost, processability, dielectric performance, mechanical strength and flexibility to name a few. It will be fairly 5000.2 that the thickness of the insulation and sheath material must be aligned with the typical use of the product.
AS/NZS | SAA Approvals
The actual area is not critical nor is it a parameter that must be measured. Aw first part looks at the electrical and physical dimensional testing requirements for cables, whilst the second part looks at the range of material tests that cable materials must meet to enable compliance to be obtained.
As previously explained it is common for low voltage cable standards to define 50002 insulation thickness which varies for different conductor sizes, with the largest conductor having the thickest insulation and sheath.
Then there is the material that is in contact with the conductor. Subscribe to receive the lastest news from the electrical industry brought to you by Voltimum. These are the two measurements that compliance is confirmed and is required by nearly all cable standards today. In terms of cables the wiring rules makes direct reference to Australian and New Zealand Standards as the principle means to ensure that its scope is fulfilled.