ASTM a Test, Intergranular Corrosion, IGC, ASTM A Practice, Testing, India – Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. ASTM A Practice A test (Oxalic acid test). The oxalic acid etch test is rapid and nondestructive, but not quantitative. It is a rapid etching procedure and . Abstract. A detailed study of AISI and stainless steels (SSs) has been conducted to correlate the degree of sensitization (DOS) measured by the.

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This practice includes boiling the sample for 24 to hours in the solution above, and measures the materials performance quantitatively. Carbon and Sulfur Analysis. ASTM A is a common intergranular corrosion testing method that can quickly screen batches of material to determine corrosion susceptibility.

The inch-pound equivalents are in parentheses and may be approximate. Please specify the maximum allowable corrosion rate and any available data on the sensitizing heat treatment performed. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard.

At the conclusion off the test, specimens are either visually examined or measured for weight loss and compared to an established corrosion rate for that specific material type.

Our knowledgeable scientists have the experience and expertise necessary to determine the most appropriate intergranular attack testing methods for your material while providing actionable results you can rely on.

Intergranular Corrosion Testing: An Overview of ASTM A262

Classification of the structure after A Practice A analysis will determine if the material is acceptable or if additional testing is required. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard Work Item s – proposed revisions of this standard Translated Version s: ASTM A testing is a popular method of choice due to the variety of practices available and the relatively short turnaround for results. Metals like stainless steels and aluminum contain elements such as niobium and chromium, often integrated because of their natural corrosion resistance.

From macroscopic imaging to Scanning Electron Microscopy, Element provides turnkey metallographic services using state-of-the-art equipment. What is your typical turnaround time? Choosing the correct method s rely on a complete understanding of your material and processes, as well as the concept of corrosion itself. a26

Intergranular Attack – ASTM A – Colorado-Metallurgical-Services

Since high temperature processing such as heat treatment is a common practice, many manufacturers wish to perform intergranular corrosion qualification testing on each batch, to ensure that the material has been processed correctly and does not show signs of corrosion susceptibility.


The samples are weighed at each interval to determine mass loss and degree of susceptibility to intergranular attack.

The Oxalic Acid test is only used to ensure that no corrosion exists; samples are labeled either “Acceptable” or “Suspect”. Practice A is a rapid screening examination of the microstructure to quickly determine if the structure is certain to be free of susceptibility to rapid intergranular attack. Vickers Hardness 5Kg and 10Kg. Because it can be run quickly for screening, we often run this test first. In everyday applications, corrosion varies by materials and solutions.

Choosing an Intergranular Corrosion Test Method Since high temperature processing such as heat treatment is a common practice, many manufacturers wish to perform intergranular corrosion qualification testing on each batch, to ensure that the material has been processed correctly and does not show signs of corrosion susceptibility.

The test uses a visual inspection of the surface of the bent specimen to determine pass or fail. Work Item s – proposed revisions of this standard. For example, in highly oxidizing solutions, intergranular attack can occur due to intermetallic phases, while attack of carbides may occur somewhat less oxidizing solutions. If materials with incorrect heat treatment enter service, they are liable to crack or fail by intergranular corrosion IGC much more rapidly than properly treated materials; ASTM A is a screening test to help find batches that are incorrectly processed.

Practice E, the Strauss test, is performed to assess attack associated with chromium-rich carbide formation; it does not detect susceptibility to sigma phase formation. Practkce abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. This specification covers the standard q for detecting susceptibility to intergranular attack in austenitic stainless steels.

See Appendix X1 for information regarding test selection. Like what you saw? These practices include five intergranular corrosion tests, namely: The chart below comes from the ASTM A standard for selection of the appropriate test by alloy type:.

Practicf do you select the right ASTM corrosion testing method for your material? It depends on which Practice is selected, but typically ranges from to days for different tests. The test is generally performed for acceptance of materials, but not sufficient for rejection of materials. Based on your materials, application, and requirements, the other 4 methods provide specific focuses. Contact us now for pricing or a quote!


The test evaluates the resistance of extra-low-carbon steels to sensitization and intergranular attack from welding or heat treatment processes. Learn more about our laboratories – where they are located; the unique capabilities they have and how they can help you solve your technical and commercial challenges. Duplicate samples from both sides of a sheet sample are evaluated to determine if carburization results in intergranular attack. The Strauss test is commonly used to evaluate the heat-treatment of as-received material, the effectiveness of alloying additions of elements such as Nb and Ti, or the effectiveness of reducing carbon content to resist prxctice attack.

Pracyice A, the oxalic acid etch test is used as a rapid technique to screen samples of certain stainless steel grades to ensure they are not susceptible to intergranular attack sensitization. The Copper Sulfate Test is especially effective for determining pgactice to intergranular attack for low carbon steels. This method is preferable for chromium depletions and corrosion in intermetallic phases. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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These tests are often run as a qualification test to ensure each batch of stainless steel is properly prepared. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. This specification is for detecting susceptibility to intergranular attack IGA. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below asstm referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

ASTM A Intergranular Corrosion Testing and Analysis

Rockwell or Superficial Hardness. Similar to the Streicher test, the Huey test method uses a nitric acid solution and subjects the specimen to five hour boiling intervals.

Practice F, is a hour weight-loss based analysis that provides a quantitative measure of the materials performance, and is commonly used to analyze as-received stainless steels. The weight loss is calculated after each practics, and reveals if the sample has been properly heat-treated.

A recent publication on intergranular corrosion.