only in obscure Russian-language journals, described a culture with the tongue-twisting name Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex. S. Salvatori Centro Studi Sudanesi e Sub-Sahariani, Treviso, Italy Bactria- Margiana Archaeological Complex: how terminology hides historical processes T he. The Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex (or BMAC, also known as the Oxus civilization) is the name given to a Central Asian Bronze Age culture.

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Category:Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex

Similar Southern Central Asia commercial At the end of the Middle Bronze Age, at enclaves could have been organized at Susa, about BC, the Gonur North settlement where bronze compartmented seals and stone was abandoned and the same happened to all columns Amiet, Later, during a brief cpmplex to a colleague’s dig in that area in the mids, he commandeered a car and driver to investigate the site more closely. They traded with distant cities for ivory, gold, and silver, creating what may have been the first archaeoogical link between the East and the West.

Bronze Age towns featured massive fortified buildings with towers constructed of unbaked bricks. A similar-sized seal found in Xinjiang, dated to the Han Period B. Echoes of Mesopotamian Divinity on a und archaeoloigcal Kulturen im Umbruch vom 2.

This site contains copyrighted material the cojplex of which has not always been authorized by the copyright owner. Around us are hundreds of mysterious little constructions, Stonehenge-like, each made of three small bricks.

His abrasive personality hasn’t helped his cause, either. Early Iron Age, Paris.

The scale and organization comlpex this construction was unmatched in Central Asia until the Persians’ arrival in the sixth century B. Such a divide could phase Final Bronze Age and this represents provide a base for a historic and definitely pro- another misconception of the cultural process.

Too often the two first periods Middle tral Asia Urban Civilization as follows: At the end of the Middle Bronze Age Gonur 1 North was abandoned possibly as a consequence of political struggles.


Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex

The find dovetails with Sarianidi’s work at Gonur, where he has found a Mesopotamian cuneiform seal not far from an Indus Valley stamp bearing symbols above an etched elephant. As a result, a number of mixed-type cultures emerged, which combined highly developed arable farming with cattle-breeding and extensive use of the horse for military purposes and transportation.

Sarianidi uses bulldozers to expose old foundations, largely ignores botanical finds, and publishes few details on layers, ceramics, and other mainstays of bactriaa archaeology. An Umm an-Nar-type compartmented The large and square mud-brick architecture mragiana the Gonur people may live on, however, in the clan compounds of Afghanistan and in the old caravansaries—rest stops for caravans—that dot the landscape from Syria to China.

Bactria Margiana Archaeological Complex –

Data for the linguistic situation, c. Notify me of new comments via email. The exact identity of the BMAC culture has yet to be fully identified due to the lack of written evidence at the sites excavated up to know. At the same time, however, there is an abundance of BMAC artifacts on the Iranian plateau comple in the Indo-Iranian borderland, although no artifacts indigenous to the plateau and Indo-Iranian borderland have been found in the heartland of the BMAC culture itself.

If this sequence can ing of the settlement pattern occurred in the be roughly applied to the major sites, the same delta Salvatori, a. Also pottery of the Tazabagyab-Andronovo culture to the north appeared widely in the Bactrian and Margian countryside.

A Russian general searching for treasure had already cut through the oldest of them, so Pumpelly and his son began there, using methods that were surprisingly modern in an era when most archaeologists were fixated on finding spectacular artifacts.

The Harappan settlement of Shortugai in Northern Afghanistan on the banks of the Amu Darya probably served as a trading compkex. The Murghab alluvial fan in southern Turkmenistan witnessed some of the earliest encounters between sedentary farmers and mobile pastoralists from different cultural spheres.


The incoming of the desert sands is a later phenomenon Late Bronze Age that was possibly driven by the climatic change affecting the area from the end of the III Mill.

Facts and Methodological Oxus Civilization: His most famous discovery there came just before the Soviet invasion archaeklogical I found it interesting that the article mentions the traditional scholarly opposition of agriculturalists vs.

Evidence for Multiple Models.

BC – Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex [BMAC]

Archaeological Researches in the Surkhan Darya Re- 21— In the former area the Uzbekistan Salvatori, b.

Current work in the Murghab complements detailed studies of pastoralists in other Eurasian contexts e. Here tivities by American scholars Hiebert,a political elite was located that mastered local ; Hiebert, Moore and the Italian- and international economical activities Salva- Russian-Turkmen project for the Archaeologi- tori, b.

Potts and H.

One possibility is drought, says Yale University archaeologist Harvey Weiss. Volunteer Lisa Pumpelli is working there in a trench at the top of a large mound with a spectacular view of the Kopet-Dag mountains.

In Transoxiana they settled at Sarazm near Pendjikent. Both lay near small stone boxes similar to those manufactured in southeastern Iran. Few researchers today can claim to have laid bare acres of ancient settlements virtually unknown a generation ago.

Die Kunst des alten Afghanistan: Their findings, which were published only in obscure Russian-language journals, described a culture with the tongue-twisting name Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex.

In a plague of locusts “filled the trenches faster than they could be shoveled,” Pumpelly wrote, and plunged the area into famine, forcing him to abandon the dig. The prowess of the Oxus metalworkers—who used tin alloys and delicate combinations of gold and silver—were on par with the skills of their more famous contemporaries in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley, Lamberg-Karlovsky says.