The Milgram experiment on obedience to authority figures was a series of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram. They measured the willingness of study participants, men from a diverse .. The group is the person’s behavioral model. The second is the agentic state theory. ‘Behavioral study of obedience’ was the first published account of a series of studies I had undertaken at Yale Stanley Milgram. Department of Psychology. Stanley Milgram’s Behavioral Study of Obedience Essay. Words 8 Pages. “ The smart way to keep people passive and obedient is to strictly limit the.

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Confederate 1 stopped at volts, and confederate 2 stopped at volts. Inthe British artist Rod Dickinson created The Milgram Re-enactmentan exact reconstruction of parts of the original experiment, including the uniforms, lighting, and rooms used. Archived from the original PDF on March 7, Next, the teacher and learner were taken into an adjacent room where the learner was strapped into what appeared to be an electric chair.

Although the participants administering the shocks were aware that the learner was unreal, the experimenters reported that participants responded to the situation physiologically “as if it were real”. The extreme willingness of adults to go to almost any lengths on the command of an authority constitutes the chief finding of the study and the fact most urgently demanding explanation.

By doing this Milgram could identify which factors affected obedience the DV. If the teacher asked whether the learner might suffer permanent physical harm, the experimenter replied, “Although the shocks may be painful, there is no permanent tissue damage, so please go on.

Could it be that Eichmann and his million accomplices in the Holocaust were just following orders? Many subjects showed high levels of distress during the experiment, and some openly wept. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology.

If the answer was incorrect, the teacher would administer a shock to the learner, with the voltage increasing in volt increments for each wrong answer. These signs included sweating, trembling, stuttering, biting their lips, groaning, digging their fingernails into their skin, and some were even having nervous laughing fits or seizures.


Archived from the original on December 7, Retrieved from ” https: This relates to Milgram’s Agency Theory. Milgram was interested in researching how far people would go in obeying an instruction if it involved harming another person.

The Milgram Experiment

Charles Sheridan and Richard King at the University of Missouri and the University of California, Berkeleyrespectively hypothesized that staanley of Milgram’s subjects may have suspected that the victim was faking, so they repeated the experiment with a real victim: Wikiquote has quotations related to: Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology67, The experiment was moved to a set of run down offices rather than the impressive Yale University.

Milgram argued that they are justified as the study was about obedience so orders were necessary.

The experimenter gave four verbal prods which mostly discouraged behaviorl from the experiment:. Retrieved April 24, Two other participants confederates were also teachers but refused to obey.

Milgram experiment

Download this article as a PDF. Their defense stqnley was based on ” obedience ” – that they were just following orders from their superiors. In fact, the experimenter was indeed correct: My only hope is that members of my board act equally according to their conscience At the beginning of the experiment, they were introduced to another participant, who was a confederate of the experimenter Milgram. Choose to open them from obediende current location.

Did Milgram give participants an opportunity to withdraw? Behavioral study of obedience.

Milgram Experiment | Simply Psychology

In a issue of the journal Jewish CurrentsJoseph Dimow, a participant in the experiment at Yale University, wrote about his early withdrawal as a “teacher”, suspicious “that the whole experiment was designed to see if ordinary Americans would obey immoral orders, as many Germans had done during the Nazi period.

When participants could instruct an assistant confederate to press the switches, Views Read Edit View history. The participant’s compliance also decreased if the experimenter was physically further away Experiments 1—4. Webarchive template wayback links Use mdy dates from February All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from November Articles with unsourced statements from June Articles with unsourced statements from March Articles needing additional references from August All articles needing additional references Commons category link is on Wikidata Spoken articles Articles with hAudio microformats Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Articles containing video clips.


Obedience did not significantly differ, though the women communicated experiencing higher levels of stress. Milgram also interviewed participants afterward to find out the effect of the deception. Some things we now know about obedience to authority”.

He also produced a series of five social psychology films, some of which dealt with his experiments. Otherwise, it was halted after the subject had given the maximum volt shock three times in succession.

In Obedience to Authority: Archived from the original on December 16, Wu, William June Please help improve this article by adding obbedience to reliable sources.

Milgram experiment – Wikipedia

There were also variations tested involving groups. The participants who refused to administer the final shocks neither insisted that the experiment be terminated, nor left the room to check the health of the victim without requesting permission to leave, as per Milgram’s notes and recollections, when fellow psychologist Philip Zimbardo asked him about that point.

Right to Withdrawal – The BPS states that researchers should make it plain to participants that they are free to withdraw at any time regardless of payment. Another partial replication of the experiment was conducted by Jerry M.

Milgram repeatedly received offers of assistance and requests to join his staff from former participants. The Milgram experiment on obedience to authority figures was a series of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram. Later, Milgram and other psychologists performed variations of the experiment throughout the world, with similar results.

Retrieved March 3, All Things Considered Interview.