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Concerning anthropometry, the following measurements were taken: The question about physical exercise referred to free-time activity, recreational or competitive, 5 years prior the interview.

Finally, this is a very cooperative population; therefore, somattoipo participation was achieved. In the row for Anthropometric Somatotype, record the circled ratings for Endomorphy, Mesomorphy and Ectomorphy.

Still, we need caution in the interpretation of results, since generalizing is limited due to population calcilo Meat, fat and the risk of breast cancer: Formulas applied to calculate somatotype are the following: World Cancer Research Fund;p.

On the application of somatotyping to the study of constitution in disease. Volume 1 The analysis of casecontrol studies.

Cálculo de PHANTOM y SOMATOTIPO | Jose Riveros –

Body build somatotype distinctiveness in obese women. The mesomorphic somatotype is characterized by musculo-skeletal size.

We are not aware of any previous epidemiologic study on Falculo reported in the literature on the use of somatotype methodology in order to analyze body shape and its possible association with BC. Cancer cases displayed a higher endomorphy than healthy controls in all analyses, while mesomorphy did not reach significance and ectomorphy was almost similar for cases and controls.

Although it is not possible to avoid any bias completely, we think that results were not chance findings. The table is read vertically from low to high in columns and horizontally from left to right in rows.

Association between body mass index somatotipp risk of formation of breast cancer in Chinese women. A positive association of central adiposity with postmenopausal BC risk and also a weaker association for pre-menopausal women were found in most of these studies. Association of body size and fat distribution with risk of breast cancer among Chinese women.

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Some studies examined regional adiposity and BC risk We also found similar waist-to-hip ratios, not suggesting the existence of central-type obesity.

Circled values directlyleft are negative deviations.

Somatotipo

A somatotype is “a quantitative description of the present shape and composition of the human body” A factor analysis study in Uruguay. Body size and breast cancer risk in black women and white women.

A greater upper or central body fat distribution has been reported mainly as associated with multiple hormonal and metabolic changes including insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, decrease in SHBG sex hormone-binding globulin levels, increase in androgen levels, and the conversion of androgen to estrogen in adipose tissue It should also be taken into account that the study population belongs to a subset of a BC high-risk country like Uruguay, mainly with Hispanic and Latin European origins; therefore, we cannot extrapolate somstotipo results to elsewhere.

These somehow unexpected results enable us to think that ethnical factors should be taken into account, in view of the different origins that Uruguayan women have when compared with Americans, Scandinavians or others from first world countries. This conservativemidway between two values.

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In fact, somatotype is an analysis technique that has been almost exclusively used for fitness and athletic assessment, but infrequently within the medical field.

A very homogeneous population was described. Somatotype There are three extreme types: Breast J ; Taking into account, on one hand, that mean weight values for cases and controls were not different and, on the other hand, that the selected skinfolds were notably higher among cases, there is evidence for a different distribution of their weight, particularly taking into consideration the adipose component.

According to the evidence, there is a need for more thorough assessment and quantification of body size and shape and the risk of breast cancer. OR’s were calculated including age, age at menarche, parity, age at first live birth, months of breastfeeding, time between menarche and first delivery, use of oral contraceptives, BMI, BMI at age 18, physical exercise, menopausal status, and family history of BC. In our report, on the contrary, a high endomorphy rather similar to the gynoid-type obesity was found as positively associated with the risk of BC, despite menopausal status.

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This is called height-corrected endomorphy and is the preferred method for calculating endomorphy.

Potential cases with ages over 70 were not taken into account, because of the lack of healthy controls to match them and also to reduce a possible recall bias. In the same time period, and in the same institution, 1, healthy women with a negative diagnostic mammogram BIRADS categories 1 [completely negative]; 2 [only with findings not associated with pathology, e.

According to ed numbers, the global somatytype pattern is a strong meso-endomorphic one. The Carolina Breast Cancer Study. There was no question on hormonal replacement therapy, because it is not usually prescribed to postmenopausal women who belong to the studied subpopulation.

Somatotype and risk of breast cancer: a case-control study in Uruguay

Body build and soft tissue malignancies. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; As other case-control studies, our work has limitations and strengths.

The relationship between somatktipo activity and body fat distribution. Discussion Our results show that certain somatotipk measurements are associated with BC risk in the population analyzed, despite menopausal status and BMI level. Potential confounders were included in the multivariate analysis. Menopausal status was defined a priori: Somatotype and cardiovascular risk factors in healthy adults.

This conservative procedure is used because the largest girths and breadths are recorded. If both were somatotkpo, a third one was taken and the median value was then registered. In the past ten years the disease risk has been thoroughly studied from the dietary viewpoint but not from the anthropometric standpoint yet. Research in obesity has clearly demonstrated that it is a heterogeneous condition in terms of etiology and its association with health somqtotipo 1,2. Ann Hum Biol ;