Daldinia concentrica, King Alfred’s Cakes or Cramp Balls: identification pictures ( images), habitat, edible or poisonous; taxonomy, etymology, synonyms, similar. Daldinia concentrica with centipedes Maybe you were a very bad boy or girl during the year, and all Santa Claus brought you for Christmas was a lump of coal in. King Alfred’s Cakes, Daldinia concentrica, also known as Cramp Balls. This distinctive fungus grows on Ash trees.

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This refers to one of the best known stories in English history. During these asexual stages the fungus releases colorless spores called conidia which may appear whitish en masse. The moth was first seen in Britain inin Berkshire, and has since been seen in Sussex and Leicestershire. January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Once lit it usually requires constant oxygen flow to keep daleinia, such as through swinging the fungus or blowing on it.

King Alfred’s cakes Daldinia concentrica. Authentication This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as cpncentrica. This species is featured in: These concentric zones are not “growth rings.

These hyphae permeate the fungus’s food source, which may be soil, leaf litter, rotten wood, dung, and so on, depending on the species 3.

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Carbon balls; Crampballs; King Alfred’s cakes. Another specimen of Daldinia concentrica.

Fragments can be broken off to expose more embers and transferred to a tinder bundle to create an open flame. Photosynthesis Metabolic process characteristic of plants in which carbon dioxide is broken down, using energy from sunlight absorbed by the green pigment chlorophyll.


Once lit it is quite difficult to extinguish, but fragments can be broken off and transferred to a tinder ball to create an open flame. There are at least five species of Daldinia in Northern Europe and three of these grow on burnt wood. The specimens in Figure 6 were removed to show the black spore deposits.

Black ascospores are ejected from these openings in great numbers, covering the surface of the fruit body and nearby surfaces. Daldinia concentrica Bolton Ces.

Many types of insects and other small animals make their home inside this species of fungus. Spores Microscopic particles involved in both dispersal and reproduction.

Daldinia concentrica — Wikipédia

This environment and biodiversity awareness website about the flora and fauna of Malta is sponsored by:. The visible part of the fungus, the fruit-body is initially reddish-brown in colour, but becomes black and shiny as it ages 2.

Saprobic; clustered on dead deciduous wood; year-round.

A single layer of perithecia is located just below the pimple-dotted surface. Concentrica refers to the concentrically zoned interior.

Daldinia concentrica

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More information at TomVolkFungi. The flesh is purple-brownish in colour 4and dark concentric rings are visible when the fungus is cut open 3.

When each ascus becomes engorged with fluid it extends outside the perithecium and releases spores. Daldinia concentrica is said to resemble a cake left to this fate. concentfica

King Alfred’s Cakes, Daldinia concentrica

Lesser horseshoe bat Rhinolophus hipposideros. This is where I have usually seen the fungus, though a study from says that the fungus is often associated with Birches Betula in Scotland. Some common names for this fungus are the coal fungus, carbon balls, cramp balls, or King Alfred’s cakes.

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The rings of Daldinia concentrica conncentrica represent a season’s worth of reproduction. Retrieved from ” https: These are darker than the flesh, which is more purplish-brown than black on its inside.

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King Alfred’s cakes videos, photos and facts – Daldinia concentrica | Arkive

Terms of Use – The displayed portlet may be used as a link daldjnia your website to Arkive’s online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational purposes only. Any doubt as to the identity of the specimen is removed upon slicing the fruit body open to reveal the concentric zonation of the flesh.

Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. It measures between cm in daldina and usually broader then high. The name ‘cramp balls’ refers to the belief that this fungus protected against cramp; men used to carry them around in their pockets for this reason 4. Blog Friday 05 October Wildscreen With: Note the concentric zonation of the cut open specimens in the foreground.

King Alfred’s cakes are found growing on the dead branches of deciduous trees, particularly ash, but can also occur on beech and alder 4. Nail fungus Poronia punctata. These include daldinone A and a purple polycyclic pigment and a metabolite called concentricolwhich is oxidized squalene.