Waris Shah was a Punjabi Sufi poet of Chishti order, known for his contribution to Punjabi Waris Shah is primarily known as the author of Heer Ranjha whose verse is a treasure-trove of Punjabi phrases, idioms and sayings. His minute and . HomeLibraryPunjabi LiteratureHeer Waris Shah Heer Waris Shah Writer: Syed Waris Shah Dhukhde Masle Bhakhda Punjab Poetry by 22 Punjabi Writer. The legend of Heer- Ranjha. In the tradition of Punjabi Qissa poetry the arrival of Waris Shah was an epoch making event, which changed the status, tone and.

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It is said in history books that the story of romantic love is a poetic expression of the mystical love of the human soul towards God — the quintessential subject in Sufism and a recurring theme in both Muslim and Hindu mysticism. Many verses of Waris Shah are widely used in Punjab in a moral context, for instance: Waris’s parents are said to have died when he was young.

He turns the every day language into a verse of beauty and splendour. His minute and realistic depiction of each detail of Punjabi life and the political situation in the 18th century, remains unique and the entire poem is an album of colourful and enchanting pictures of life in the Punjab, of varied views but always deeply absorbing.

An overriding reason for the acceptance of his version of the legend of Heer and Ranjha has been his success in bringing the story closer to his vision of life and reality. It is because of this fact that bhagbhari is cited as the woman who was the passion inspiring Waris to sing his own unfulfilled love through the legend of Heer and Ranjha.

Lunjabi Read Edit View history. Waris spent years in search of the perfect spiritual guide. The Heer by Waris is full of poetic intensity, authenticity, critical faculty, deep and wide observation, wisdom gained through living a full and rich life, critical daring, romantic imagination, poetic vision, artistic excellence and natural grace of perfect execution. Waris Shah’s life has been fictionalised in Punjabi-language films.

Follies and foibles of social life are also focused upon. Except for Heer and Ranjha he has made everybody else a butt of ridicule and criticism. Hs witty, humorous, satirical and sarcastic musings and phrases full of poetic beauty have become quotations in Punjabi lexicon.


In on tradition of Punjabi Qissa poetry the arrival of Waris Shah was an epoch making event, which changed the status, tone and tenor of Punjabi punjahi. The mausoleum complex was completed in and is a mixture of the Lahore School of Architecture and Tughlaq Architecture. Some have interpreted this poem from a Marxist point of view whereas others have analysed it from Wsris the angle.

After completing his education, Waris moved to Malka Hansa village twelve kilometres north of Pakpattan. Language by expanding its appeal and by digging deep into its natural, fresh, apt and befitting expressions.

Here he resided in a small room, adjacent to a historic mosque now called Masjid Waris Shah, until his death. No poet can raise poetic grace of potry at so passionate and soulful a pitch without a deep by moving personal experience. After this great achievement, it became a tradition in Punjabi poetry that every budding and aspiring poet had to reproduce, in poetic form, the story of Heer and Ranjha so as to establish his poetic credentials but every poet accepted the superiority and nobility of Waris and adopted him as a model and an ideal.

It is because of these sterling qualities of a master artist that he still translates our deepest emotions and dreams. Waris give ample proof of yeer grounding in Islamic lore through Persian ppetry Arabic.

Heer Waris Shah

The experience will not only be rewarding but also enriching. The Heer by Waris is full of poetic intensity. This page was last edited on 30 Septemberat He is also well versed poetey Hindu tradition and folk-lore. No wonder his language, though two centuries old, comes close to our pulse even today and evokes an authentic response.

Not to be confused with Waris Ali Shah. More than any other poet, it is Shan Shah alone who made Punjabi language enter every heart and hearth of Punjab. His writing clearly shows that the extent of his knowledge is wide indeed, so that whenever he chooses, and he chooses quite often, he gives astonishingly authentic details, for instance about astronomy, medicine, social rites, habits of men and women, clothes, kinds of horses and buffaloes, the earis of the dowry etc.


One can say that he is the most beer poet ever produced in Punjabi literature. This poem can be viewed from the historical, sociological, mystical, artistic and poetic viewpoints. The known and popular fold sayings and aphorisms are skilfully woven into the fabric of his verse.

One thing, about which there is no dispute between Punjabis across the borders, is their love, affection, regard and respect for Waris Shah. The immortal Heer, which has enthralled and fascinated generations of listeners and pujabi, is not only a great literary achievement but also a spiritual testament.

Retrieved from ” https: He has left only one work behind. Retrieved 29 May That is why his poem ha attracted variant readings and interpretations and still has not lot its freshness and fragrance.

Waris Shah (Author of Heer Waris Shah / ہیر وارث شاہ)

Kapoor Professor of Punjabi University, Patiala. Another movie on the life of Waris Shah Waris Shah: Waris Shah has a acknowledged himself as a disciple of Pir Makhdum of Kasur. A certain degree of stark realism has prevented if from becoming dated.

The legend of Heer- Ranjha.

Waris Shah

The beauty of this epic poem is that it has attracted every critic worth the name and has led to a variety of interpretations and critical approaches. His Heer is so popularly read and recited all over Punjab that people feel proud in owning Waris Shah as their very own bard whose poetry has already survived two centuries of criticism and scrutiny and will stand the test of time in future too. His in-depth understanding of life enables him to survey the vast expanse of human behaviour and sermonise on the affairs of life.

He borrowed the story and plot of the legend of Heer- Ranjha and structured it anew and contrary to early happy endings raised it to the level of tragedy of classic dimensions.

What surprises the reader is his range of emotions and feelings.