Week 1: Review/Begin Optimality Theory. Reading: Kager Chapter 1: Conflicts in Grammar. The fundamental idea behind OT is that surface forms of language. c h a m b e r s a n d p e t e r t r u d g i l l Dialectology Second edition c. ly o n s Definiteness r. k a g e r Optimality Theory OPTIMALITY THEORY rené kager. Optimality Theory [Rene Kager].pdf. Download. Share This Post. Related Articles. Phonology Analysis and Theory [Edmund Gussmann].pdf.
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– Optimality Theory (Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics) by Rene Kager
This is called harmonic bounding. In derivational phonology, effects that are inexplicable at the surface level but are explainable through “opaque” rule ordering may be seen; but in Optimality Theory, which has no intermediate levels for rules to operate on, these effects are difficult to explain.
Feature Geometry and Feature Spreading. This book presents an introductionto OptimalityTheory, a grammatical framework of recent origin Prince and SmolenskyMcCarthy and Prince a, b. Heleen rated it it was ok Jul 02, Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!
In this view, Optimality Theory is taken to be a model of linguistic competence and is therefore not intended to explain the specifics of linguistic performance. It is claimed that Optimality Theory cannot account for phonological opacity see Idsardifor example. Learnability in Optimality Theory. Parts of this book are based on research reported on earlier occasions.
Optimality Theory will be welcomed by any linguist with a basic knowledge of derivational Generative Phonology. Within a language, a constraint may be ranked high enough that it is always obeyed; it may be ranked low enough that it has no observable effects; or, it may have some intermediate ranking.
Optimality Theory has attracted substantial amounts of criticism, most of which is directed at its application to phonology rather than syntax or other fields.
Optimality Theory predicts that there cannot be more grammars than there are permutations of the ranking of Con. Exercises accompany chapters 1—7, and there are sections on further reading.
Optimality Theory – Kager
A surface form is ‘optimal’ if it incurs the least serious violations of a set of constraints, taking into account their hierarchical ranking. One violation for every pair of thdory sibilants in the output.
ErgodebooksTexas, United States Seller rating: This serves to explain conspiracies: The Cambridge Handbook of Phonologyp.
Optimality Theory by Rene Kager. A readable introduction to Optimality Theory phonology. Comparative tableaux display the same information as the classic or “flyspeck” tableaux, but the information is presented in such a way that it highlights the most crucial information. Tesar and Smolenskyon the learnability of OT grammars, and its dependence on basic OT notions, such as strict domination, minimal violation, and assumptions on lexical forms.
Tags teoria da otimidade Account Options Sign in. What all these efforts to constrain rules and rule interactions share, either implicitly or explicitly, is the assumption that universal principles can only be universal if they are actually inviolatein every language. Retrieved from ” https: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Lillian rated it really liked it Jan 21, Brasoveanu and Prince describe a process known as fusion and the various ways of presenting data in a comparative tableau in order to achieve the necessary and sufficient conditions for a given argument.
There are also a range of theories specifically about Optimality Theory. Common terms and phrases affixed algorithm alignment constraints ALL-FT-L allomorphs allophonic analysis base chapter coda complex consonant constraint hierarchy constraint interaction constraint ranking context contrast correspondence constraints cross-linguistic deletion DEP-IO derivational dominated edge epenthesis epenthetic vowels evaluation example factorial typology faithfulness constraints feature foot FT-BiN grammar Hixkaryana http: The Pursuit of Theory.
Therefore the divergence from earlier generative models is less clear-cut in this respect. Constraints are ranked in a hierarchy of strict domination. The source of this issue may be in terminology: This also means that constraints are violable; the winning i.