The Pasteurization of France, trans. A. Sheridan and J. Law, Cambridge Mass.: Harvard University Press, , BRUNO LATOUR The ‘Franslatcd by Aian Sheridan andjolin r^iw The Pasteurization of France Bruno Latour Translated by Alan Sheridan and John Law. The Pasteurization of France [Bruno Latour, Alan Sheridan, John Law] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What can one man accomplish.
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The first section of the book, which retells the story of Pasteur, is a vivid description of an approach to science whose theoretical implications go far beyond a particular case study.
But the same Richet, in the same article, uses a quite different model to establish the priorities of the discoveries about diphtheria: What I call the primary mechanism shows how bacteriology got into the end of the parasitical chain and found itself able to express a whole period.
Yet the microbe is an essential actor. At least, we would like frznce make decisions other than through compromise, drift, latouf uncertainty. For Martin inthe “new era” began in at the Brussels Congressp.
A provocative reconceptualization of how to write of the history of science. When anthrax was pandemic throughout Europe, the most powerful actor was microbes. They were like people who had begun to set up a road network consisting of thousands of country lanes in order to travel everywhere and ended up building only a few main roads.
Juan Berger rated it really liked it Oct 02, The Concours Medical, a periodical published by a French medical union, was studied only for the crucial years — Instead of reducing science to a given social environment, Latour tries to show the simultaneous building of a society and its scientific facts. It was to try to distinguish retrospectively what had been in- tentionally confused. It could not ignore the details that it had accumulated for hundreds of years, unless it could hierarchize them in order of importance.
What they refer to as the recent event is a change in the regime of time: Sociologists argue that force is behind scientific activity. Bacteriology was indeed present in the exhibition, in an interesting way. Microbiology — France — History — 19th century. Do we not know that every discovery in the domain of bacteriology emanates directly from M. The Indisputable Conflict between Health and Wealth Although the authors of the Revue rarely speak of Pasteur or discuss his ideas, they view one idea as so indisputable that it becomes the premise for all the arguments to be found in the Revue from the first number of the new series, begun just after the siege of Paris, to the last number studied, in December Hygienists, biologists, sur- geons, sanitary engineers, veterinary surgeons, physiologists like Claude Bernard, medical doctors, and military doctors, as well as tuberculosis, cholera, diphtheria, tetanus, yellow fever, rabies, and the plague, all move according to different paths, offering us the sort of interesting confusion that Tolstoy describes in the battles of his book.
The Pasteurization of France |
From now on, the certainty of the theory of parasites was taken as a premise either of research programs that had lztour to be imple- mented or of practical measures that had only to be apphed or gen- eralized. If I insist on this point, it is because the history of the sciences is seldom just to the defeated or even, for that matter, to the victors. War and peace of microbes — Irreductions. The conditions of failure, at least, are clear enough. There are continuous comparisons in the book between what Tolstoy did in War and Peace latoour what Latour does here.
Pasteuriztaion success depended upon a whole network of forces, including the public hygiene movement, the medical profession both What can one man accomplish, even a great man and brilliant scientist?
Is time irre- versible? But no science imposes as hygiene does interdependence on human societies; today we know that it is more or less impossible to benefit from the good things that it offers if we do not extend them to our neighbors; in other words, individual hygiene is closely dependent on public hy- giene; a single unhealthy house in a town is a perpetual threat to all its inhabitants; if we are to give those good things to one, hygiene requires that they be extended: But the soci- ology of the sciences is too often powerless, because it thinks it knows what society is made up of.
Alan Sheridan is the author of Michel Foucault: A war is not a connection of bits and pieces of other spheres. Like the psychoanalysts, the Pasteurians set themselves up as exclusive interpreters of populations to which no one else had access. Third, in no other scientific or technological innovation has there been so short a route between fundamental re- search and its rapid, far-reaching application — so much so that it is reasonable to wonder whether this is not the only example, which has been exaggerated into a general law.
The Pasteurization of France
Through the Pasteurians them- selves, through the lectures, the demonstrations, the handbooks, the advice, the articles that they produced from this time. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. Yet no disease had disappeared. After the Pas- teurians have invaded surgery, only then will the surgeon be alone with his patient. Just as for the battle of Austerlitz it was stated — though not in German this time — that ‘the first column will proceed this way and that way, the second column will proceed to this place and pwsteurization place,’ and so on.
The latest figures for deaths from infectious diseases, says Richet, “have been in constant progress for the past twenty-five years”p. This question, raised by historians, does not have to be answered by the semiotic method I have chosen to follow.
The analyst does not need to know more than they; he has only to begin pasteurizatoin any point, thhe recording what each actor says of the others.
Who, then, was the third party in all these social relations at the time? Latour argues that the triumph of the biologist and his methodology oasteurization be understood within the particular historical convergence of competing social forces and conflicting interests.